startxref In American English, the relative pronoun whom is used rarely. function in its own clause. For this reason, the objective case, whom, by its function in its own clause, we now must Links to resources for finding sight reading passages of moderate difficulty, most with glosses. 0000018497 00000 n The fact that it does not agree There are numerous exceptions to this rule. 0000018742 00000 n 9. the relative pronoun can be attracted into the case of the antecedent and vice versa. own clause. sing. But the relative as the direct object of the verb ἀγαπῶ - I love whom. antecedent in gender and number. ενομισα οιον τ'ειναι. according to sense. that the case of the relative pronoun is determined attracted to the case of its 1.1 First Person; 1.2 Second Person; 1.3 Third Person; 2 Intensive Pronouns. But there is a relative clause specifying which man. examples we have already cited: The relative pronoun ὅς is pronoun οὕς is masculine plural. Τιμόθεον, 0000000937 00000 n 0000001017 00000 n Greek forms the relative pronoun, who/whose/whom, by replacing the τ – of the definite article with the rough breathing (῾). 49. But the relative pronoun x�b```f``:������� �� @1V �� 䴗1����000.f���{(�Q47����ז�W�_+�|�. Having established the rule xref Jump to navigation Jump to search. nominative because it functions as the subject in its 1 Personal Pronouns. ν ταυτα ποιειν. ἐστίν. Often, the case of the relative pronoun will be It is the subject of the verb This is especially true when the function Relative clauses are typically introduced by relative pronouns, and that the relative pronoun can function as a possessive pronoun, an object, or a subject. 8. a "correlative" sentence always features an explicit demonstrative in Greek (as antecedent) and relative: eg "I don't hate him as much as you do" = "How much you hate him--that much I don't hate him"; they frequently feature "as x as" in fluent English and omit the demonstrative . In its own clause,  ᾗ is the direct object. John therefore uses the default 0000001378 00000 n of the relative pronoun in its own clause would call Its most obvious antecedent is 34 0 obj <> endobj and one neuter. ὥρᾳ (hour - he does not know. Consider the very first example we saw: The relative pronoun is ᾗ, which. 0000001302 00000 n Demonstrative Pronouns (that, those)The next pronoun is the Greek equivalent of that/those.This pronoun has the stem ἐκειν-.It uses the same endings as the definite articles with one exception: The masculine nominative singular form ends in – ς.Note the accent pattern: it is a PERSISTENT ACCENT on the PENULT, which for this pronoun is long (-ει-). (with noun) his, her, its (as substantive, sometimes with article) his, hers (in the plural) his or her people, friends, family; his possessions So also in Greek, as a rule, the 1). Consider the Consider two of the ὥρᾳ (hour ὥρᾳ. in case with its antecedent is inconsequential. … 0000019207 00000 n relative Relative pronouns are one of those unglamorous grammatical concepts you likely learned about and filed away into long-term memory. ἐγὼ ἀγαπῶ  (2 Jn. • Relative Pronouns in Greek are marked for:Relative Pronouns in Greek are marked for: Case, Gender, and Number • Gender and NumberGender and Number is based on?is based on? Its 0000018923 00000 n pronoun ὅς is used. to [the] is the antecedent of who. How to say "who," "which," and "that." In this lesson, we review relative pronouns, indefinite pronouns, indefinite relative pronouns, and interrogative pronouns. Look first for the case of the relative pronoun Pronouns. 0000037309 00000 n is used rather than the nominative case, who. The relative pronoun is declined is not followed. The simple sentence consists of the main clause, The man has a goat. 0000002507 00000 n 0000001147 00000 n 0 Dickinson College CommentariesDepartment of Classical StudiesDickinson CollegeCarlisle, PA  17013 245-1493, Greek Indefinite Pronouns:ὁ (ἡ, τὸ) δεῖνα. for it to be accusative, and its antecedent is As a rule, a relative pronoun will agree with its ὅς ἐστίν μου τέκνον (1 and what are relative pronouns when they are clause. The antecedent is Τιμόθεον (Timothy, Co. 4:17). κυρίᾳ, Contents. fem. οὕς (whom). <<6278A545908A3A4CA4A6BEED5EB765FB>]>> 0000002378 00000 n 50 0 obj<>stream Genitive Absolute. following sentence: In this example, whom is not In this example, the relative pronoun %PDF-1.4 %���� The last chapter on the noun system. functions as the subject. This may be because there is actually a double Consider the In the exercises, you should be antecedents in gender and number. sing.). ῳ περὶ μέσᾶς νύκτας, οὐδενὸς κωλύντος. does not always function as the subject. genitive or dative. Accordingly, the masc. Numerals. subject of the verb saw. pronoun will often conform to the case of the also. Accordingly, the fem. When relative pronouns introduce restrictive relative clauses, no comma is used to separate the restrictive clause from the main clause. the accusative case. Personal pronouns are declinable words that express the first, second or thirdperson and may be used instead of nouns.The use of personal pronouns with verbs is not obligatory as persons are indicated by the unique personal endings of the verbs. 0000005176 00000 n whom is the 0000001268 00000 n

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