The principle of “equal pay for equal work” was introduced in Australia in 1969 and legislation prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex first passed in 1984. The gender pay gap in Australia has hovered between 15% and 19% for the past two decades. The gender pay gap – while it looks like just a number on a page, it means so much more in reality. The Court provided guidance as to how this principle would apply: The principle of ‘equal pay for work of equal value’ will be applied to all awards of the Commission. We have waited 59 [un]equal days and finally today is Equal Pay Day, Wednesday 28 August. Our Gender Equity Insights Report 2020 provides definitive evidence that gender-balanced leadership in an organisation delivers better company performance, improved productivity and greater profitability. Under the current system, employees and unions applying to raise women’s pay in line with men’s must first show women in that industry are underpaid compared with men performing work of equal or comparable value. © Copyright Commonwealth Government of Australia 2018. Three years later, the 1972 Equal Pay Case expanded on the 1969 principle to encompass “equal pay for work of equal value”, with a single rate for a job, regardless of gender. 8. The median gap is the difference between the employee in the middle of the range of male wages and the employee in the middle of the range of female wages. The government should conduct a review of labor force data with particular attention to job classifications used by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. — Once a report is filed, employers must notify employees and shareholders as soon as is practicable and make it available to them. The workplace’s organisational structures and processes do not impede female employees’ access to work-based training, promotions or flexible work arrangements. If I had an extra 59 days... We know the causes, now it’s time for action, Last week, in the lead up to Equal Pay Day, the Workplace Gender Equality Agency, (‘the Agency’) in  partnership with KPMG Australia and the Diversity Council of Australia, launched the newest instalment of. Gender pay gap in Australia looks at the persistence of a gender pay gap in Australia. Notwithstanding, women still earn less than men in Australia. Labor will also introduce a pay-equity unit in the commission to provide expert research on equal pay. If I had an extra 59 days... [EG: I would learn how to say the words “the gender pay gap” in 100 different languages]. [p.176]. This was the second of two Equal Pay Cases. For example, early-childhood educators can be paid $20 less an hour than metalworkers despite both requiring three-year qualifications. The Agency was established in 2012 by the Workplace Gender Equality Act. ]]>*/, (1972) 147 CAR 172, Moore J, A/g President, Robinson J, Coldham J, Public Service Arbitrator Taylor, Brack C, 15 December 1972. Will the real gender pay gap please stand up? By ‘equal pay for work of equal value’ we mean the fixation of award wage rates by a consideration of the work performed irrespective of the sex of the worker. @WGEAgency. According to the ONS, the gap between what UK male and female workers earn – based on median hourly earnings for all workers – was 17.9% in April 2018, down from 18.4% in April 2017. This gender discrepancy in pay narrowed to 75% with World War II, when women stepped into jobs vacated by men and special regulations were enacted. @WGEAgency, This #EqualPayDay, I will #KeepMindingTheGap by ... [EG: Continuing to run diversity and inclusion programs for my employees during COVID 19]. On the final day of Labor’s conference the shadow minister for women, Tanya Plibersek, and workplace relations spokesman Brendan O’Connor will announce changes to restructure the Fair Work Commission and enshrine equal pay as an objective of the Fair Work Act. All non-public sector employers with 100 or more employees for any six months between 1 April and 31 March the following year must file public reports on workplace gender equality. Anti-discrimination on the basis of sex was legislated in 1984. The 1969 decision was a breakthrough, but also highlighted the problem of putting principle into practice, given a legacy of past decisions being based on clear notions of “male” and “female” jobs. Cardiff, Cardiff [Caerdydd GB-CRD], Sir Tim Berners-Lee and Sir Nigel Shadbolt in conversation: "The Web, internet and data during the pandemic: lessons learnt and new directions" We reject that argument because the male minimum wage in our awards takes account of the family considerations we have mentioned. What’s the difference between the mean and the median figures? On the third matter the Court noted that the minimum wage has always included a family component but: the unions now argue as a simple matter of equity that females should receive the same minimum wage as males. In jobs undertaken only or mainly by women, such as packing fruit, it was a different matter. Today’s Fair Work Commission has inherited the legacy of its past judgements. Notwithstanding, women still earn less than men in Australia. Women had to work 59 extra days to earn the same as men this financial year. Equal pay takes into account discretionary pay, allowances, performance payments, merit payments, bonus payments and superannuation. Zelda D’Aprano,a clerk at the Australasian Meat Industry Employees’ Union, chained herself to the front doors of the building occupied Commonwealth Conciliation and Arbitration Commission. In our view the community is prepared to accept the concept of equal pay for females and should therefore be prepared to accept the economic consequences of this decision. This led to the end of the system of unequal award rates that had operated since 1912. KPMG in a recently published article on this subject define gender pay gap as a measure of pay equity and workforce participation. We've created some gender pay gap explainer videos for you to share, check them out on our YouTube channel. Professions with the highest Gender pay gap. Professions where Women are paid better than Men. If elected, Labor will appoint a second Fair Work Commission president, who will preside over a pay equity panel to decide on equal pay cases, guided by a new equal remuneration principle. It spells a role for governments to step in and correct it. Women earn more than Men only in 3 of the top 50 highest paying professions in the country. For example, a male neurosurgeon (the highest paying job in the country) earns a massive over $600,000 a year, compared with women in the same role who takes home just over $280,000, a good 45% less. That’s because today – August 28 – marks the 59 extra days from the end of the previous financial year that women have to work in order to earn the same men earnt that year. June 19 , 2019 marked the 50th anniversary of Australia’s industrial relations system endorsing the principle of “equal pay for equal work”. — As social attitudes evolved, the 1950s and 1960s saw more women joining the paid workforce. Because of the essential characteristic of the male minimum wage we decline to apply it to females ... [p.176], Coming to the last issue, the Court agreed that there was ‘still a relic of the concept of the family wage’, but that it was no real bar to a consideration of equal pay for equal work. There's so many reasons to #KeepMindingTheGap. It’s #EqualPayDay today! Gender Pay gap can be influenced by a number of factors such as : The datasource used for this analysis has been taken from the Australian Tax Data for the Taxation year 2016–2017. In the 1969 Equal Pay Case, the Conciliation and Arbitration Commission (which had replaced the Court) finally accepted the principle of equal pay for equal work. Women’s disproportionately greater time out of the workforce affects their opportunities to develop skills, undertake training and increase their lifetime earnings. Every industry in Australia has a full time pay gap favouring full-time working men , even female dominated industries such as health care and social assistance . Using the latest Average Weekly Earnings trend series data released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, the Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA) has calculated the national gender pay gap as 14% for full-time employees, a difference of $253.60 per week.

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